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Bleeding Gums

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Bleeding Gums

Bleeding gums is very common in today’s population and affects people from all demographics. Bleeding gums affects people of all ages and is suffered by a large portion of the population. In many cases, bleeding gums indicates the onset of gum disease, or gingivitis. In more severe cases, other diseases can be the cause such as periodontitis or platelet disorders. The symptoms of bleeding gums are very similar to those of swollen gums, and usually when one is present, so is the other. In the case of bleeding gums, good oral hygiene may not be sufficient.

What Causes Bleeding Gums?

There are many reasons why bleeding gums can occur, however the most common cause is Gingivitis. Gingivitis is a gum disease caused by bacterial biofilms (plaque) which adheres to a tooth or teeth and causes the gums to swell, bleed or recede. When plaque builds up on the teeth and under the gum line, the bacteria associated with it causes the immune system to send white blood cells to the area (the gums) and the influx of these cells causes inflammation. With inflammation comes the receding, swelling and bleeding of the gums.

Below are some of the leading causes of bleeding gums:

  • Gingivitis - The leading cause of bleeding gums. The gum disease gingivitis is caused by plaque build-up on the teeth and under the gums.

  • Malnutrition - Malnutrition can cause bleeding gums because the body lacks all the vitamins necessary to keep the gums healthy and to keep foreign bacteria in the mouth at bay. In particular, Vitamin C and Vitamin K play a key role in oral health.

  • Infection - If you have an infected tooth or gum line, bleeding can persist. Loose teeth due to infection or severe cavities can cause bleeding gums as well.

  • Improperly fitted oral hardware - Dentures, braces and retainers that are not fitted properly can irritate the gums, causing inflammation or bleeding. If you wear braces or dentures, it is important to make sure they are fitted properly.

  • Platelet disorder - Platelets, or thrombocytes, are cells that reside in the bloodstream and are the key cells involved in blood clotting. When your platelets are not working properly, any injury can cause severe bleeding that does not stop. Platelet disorders can cause gums to bleed incessantly.

  • Medication - If you use certain medications, such as blood thinners, bleeding gums can be a problem. Ask your physician about the side effects of the medication you take.

  • Leukemia - Leukemia, and extreme case, also causes bleeding gums.

  • Brushing/Flossing - Brushing and flossing are excellent daily hygiene routines, but brushing or flossing too hard can cause your gums to bleed.

Next: Bleeding Gums Symptoms

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What Causes Bleeding Gums?